Monday, September 18, 2017


KALAU KELUAR Umno dan hendak masuk balik, buat macam Tan Sri Muhammad Taib.

Bagi satu Malaysia kelam kabut, termasuk Timbalan Perdana Menteri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, terpaksa singkatkan lawatan ke Perlis, bagi Menteri-Menteri kelam kabut, bagi Menteri-Menteri Besar kelam kabut berlari ke Kuala Lumpur, semata-mata mahu menonton dan meraikan bekas pemimpin berusia 72 TAHUN kembali semula kepada Umno selepas melompat ke Pas dan PKR.

Alang-alang nak masuk balik Umno, pastikan yang umumkan kemasukan kita ialah Presiden Umno, Najib Razak.

Dan selepas saja Najib umumkan kemasukan kita, kita buat cara Mat Taib, bagi khutbah kepada orang Melayu dah ahli-ahli Umno yang taat kepada parti dan pemimpin.

Nak bagi nampak lagi molek, Najib hadiahkan jawatan bergaji kepada Mat Taib seperti mana Lokman Adam, Ezam Mat Noor dan Nasharuddin Mat Isa yang bergaji beribu ringgit sebulan.

Atau bagi jadi duta macam Zahrain Hashim di Indonesia.

Yang bagusnya, Ketua Umno Selangor Noh Omar pun puji Mat Taib. Jelas sekali Noh selama ini tak mampu menang di Selangor kecuali dengan kembali semula Mat Taib kepada Umno Selangor.

Nak lagi cantik, bagi Mat Taib bertanding dalam PRU-14 nanti, paling sesuai di Hulu Selangor.

Jelapang tak berapa minat cerita Mat Taib ini, kerana Jelapang masih lagi meraikan kejayaan Najib di Amerika Syarikat.

Apa tidaknya, siapa sangka Malaysia, negara dunia ketiga, boleh bantu Amerika Syarikat, negara paling maju di dunia, dengan berbilion ringgit untuk memajukan lagi negara mereka.

Kita jangka terpengaruh dengan cerita-cerita di bawah bahawa sekolah tak ada duit nak cetak nota murid, hospital tak ada kertas nak cetak data untuk pesakit atau universiti tak ada dana nak buat penyelidikan.

Jika tak ada duit tak akan kita boleh bantu negara Amerika yang pernah menyerang Iraq dan Afghanistan yang membunuh berjuta rakyat Islam. 

Betul tak Hadi Awang?

Berikut sebagai rekod, kenyataan Najib kepada Trump baru-baru ini.

Remarks by President Trump and Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak of Malaysia Before Bilateral Meeting

Cabinet Room

12:11 P.M. EDT

PRESIDENT TRUMP: Thank you very much. It’s great to have the Prime Minister of Malaysia and his very distinguished delegation with us today. We’re talking about trade -- very large trade deals. We’re working on one deal where between 10 and 20 billion dollars’ worth of Boeing jets are going to be purchased, General Electric engines will be purchased, and many other things.

Also, Malaysia is a massive investor in the United States in the form of stocks and bonds, and the stock exchange. And they have to be very happy because we’re hitting new highs on almost a weekly basis. And so we’re very proud of our stock market and what’s happened since I became President. So I congratulate you on those investments.

But I just want to say, it’s an honor to have you here. It’s an honor to have your delegation with us. I believe you’ll be at the United Nations next week, and a lot of folks are going to be at the United Nations next week. It should be an exciting week, and we look very much forward to that.

But I want to thank you very much for all of the investment you’ve made in the United States. Also, the Prime Minister has a major role in not allowing ISIS -- or, as you say, Daesh -- and others to exist. And he’s been very, very strong on terrorism in Malaysia, and a great supporter from that standpoint. So that’s a very important thing to the United States.

He does not do business with North Korea any longer, and we find that to be very important. We had a vote yesterday on sanctions. We think it’s just another very small step -- not a big deal. Rex and I were just discussing -- not big. I don’t know if it has any impact, but certainly it was nice to get a 15-to-nothing vote. But those sanctions are nothing compared to what ultimately will have to happen.

So thank you everyone for being here, and we appreciate it. Mr. Prime Minister, it’s a great honor to have you in the United States and in the White House. And thank you everyone for being here. Thank you very much. Thank you.

Would you like to say something?

PRIME MINISTER RAZAK: Thank you very much, Mr. President, for your invitation for me and members of my delegation to meet with you at the White House. I want to say that we come here with a strong value proposition to put on the table.

Number one, we want to help you in terms of strengthening the U.S. economy. I come with three specific proposals. Number one, we intend to increase the number of Boeing planes to be purchased by MAS. We are committed to 25 planes of the 737 MAX 10, plus eight 787 Dreamliners. And there is a strong probability -- not possibility – probability that we will add 25 more 737 MAX 10 in the near future. So within five years, the deal will be worth beyond $10 billion. That’s one. We will also try to persuade AirAsia to purchase GE engines.


PRIME MINISTER RAZAK: Secondly, we have Employees Provident Fund, which is a major pension fund in Malaysia. They’ve got quite a big sum of capital to be exported. They have invested close to $7 billion, in terms of equity, in the United States. And they intend to invest three to four additional billion dollars to support your infrastructure redevelopment in the United States.


PRIME MINISTER RAZAK: And thirdly, our sovereign fund, Khazanah, they have an office in Silicon Valley. They have invested about $400 million, in terms of high-tech companies, and they intend to increase that investment as well.

Secondly, the other goal of your administration, Mr. President, which is to make the United States safe -- and with that, the world safe -- we are committed to fight Daesh, IS, Al-Qaeda, Abu Sayyaf -- you name it. They are the enemy of the United States, they are also the enemy of Malaysia, and we will do our part to make sure that our part of the world is safe.

We will also contribute in terms of the ideological warfare because you need to win the hearts and minds. And the key to it is to support moderate and progressive Muslim regimes and governments around the world, because that is the true face of Islam; that is the authentic face of Islam. The more you align with progressive and moderate regimes, the better it would be in terms of winning the hearts and minds of the Muslim world.


PRIME MINISTER RAZAK: So, Mr. President, thank you once again. The United States has always been our partner for a long, long time. And this year is our 60th anniversary of our relationship, and I hope that today’s meeting will make it even stronger in the years to come.

PRESIDENT TRUMP: Thank you very much. Appreciate it.

12:18 P.M. EDT

Thursday, September 7, 2017


Image result for nor mohamed yakcop+forex

"Saya tidak pernah membincangkan soal urus niaga yang dibuat antara 1986 hingga 1993 tersebut dengan Perdana Menteri dan Menteri Kewangan ketika itu, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad dan Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim."

"Tidak dapat dinafikan, kerugian forex berlaku. Tidak dapat dinafikan kebertanggungjawaban saya dalam perkara itu. Saya menerima 'bahagian saya' dan meletakkan jawatan daripada Bank Negara."

"Ketika itu, ia seperti pengakhiran yang menyedihkan untuk 25 tahun khidmat saya kepada negara melalui BNM." - Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop.

Berikut kenyataan penuh Nor Yakcop kepada Suruhanjaya Siasatan DiRaja Urus Niaga Tukaran Asing sebagai rekod:

Nor Mohamed Yakcop’s full written statement at RCI hearing

Updated 15 hours ago · Published on 6 Sep 2017 6:40PM · 0 comments
1. I JOINED Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) in September 1968. I was promoted to the post of manager, Banking Department in 1986.
2. The Banking Department was responsible for external reserves management, regulation of the domestic money market, including the discount houses, development of Islamic banking, approval of domestic bond issues, managing the Export Credit Refinance Facility (ECR), development of new financial institutions and promoting trade by way of Bilateral Payment Arrangement (BPA) with other central banks in developing countries. When I resigned from BNM in April 1994, I held the post of adviser. I re-joined BNM again, as an adviser, in September 1998, after the implementation of the Unorthodox Measures, which I will describe later in my statement. I served in BNM in that capacity until April 2000. In May 2000, I was appointed as the economic adviser to the Prime Minister, and subsequently, in January 2004, I was appointed as the Minister of Finance II. In April 2009, I was appointed as Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department responsible for the Economic Planning Unit (EPU). I retired in May 2013, and joined Khazanah Nasional Berhad as deputy chairman in June 2013.
Policy imperatives of active external reserves management by BNM
3. Prior to 1985, BNM was not active in external reserves management, including forex trading, given the relative stability in the international foreign exchange market.
4. The situation changed in 1985. On 22 September 1985, five OECD countries, met in private at the Plaza Hotel in New York and decided among themselves, without consulting other countries, that the yen and the German Deutsche mark should be strengthened significantly against the US dollar by way of market intervention. This is known as the Plaza Accord. The Plaza Accord was historic because it was the first time central bankers agreed to intervene in the currency market in such a big way and the first time in history when governments set target foreign exchange rates to be achieved through active intervention.
5. One important outcome of the Plaza Accord was that the exchange rate of the yen versus the US dollar strengthened sharply. (The yen strengthened from 240 yen to the dollar in 1985 to 120 yen to the dollar by early 1988).
6. The strengthening of the yen resulted in many developing countries suffering huge losses, since a significant portion of their external borrowings was denominated in yen. The Malaysian government, government agencies, including GLCs, as well as the Malaysian private sector suffered significant forex losses on repayment of yen loans and foreign exchange revaluation of yen loans, following the sharp appreciation in the value of yen arising from the Plaza Accord.
7. Malaysia’s borrowings in Yen during the early 1980s were mainly for infrastructure building. At that time, the Malaysian bond and sukuk markets were not yet developed to enable large amounts of borrowings for long periods to be obtained domestically in ringgit. Given that infrastructure projects required long gestation period, the Malaysian government and its agencies chose to borrow in yen, since, at that time, long term yen loans were available with low interest rates. The borrowings also coincided with the building of major infrastructure projects in the country.
8. Since the Plaza Accord of September 1985, the international forex market also became much more volatile, with sharp and sometimes erratic movements in the daily forex rates. While the Plaza Accord of September 1985 was intended to strengthen the yen and the Deutsche mark, another agreement, the Louvre Accord was signed on 22 February 1987 in Paris by six OECD countries, again without consulting other countries, to halt the over-appreciation of the yen and the Deutsche mark, and this created another round of turmoil in the foreign exchange market.
9. This was the background that led to the decision by BNM to begin active external reserves management. I understand that the Commissions attention has been drawn to Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaffar Hussein address in New Delhi, India on 5 December 1988. In that speech the Governor had publicly set out BNM’s rationale for the active external reserves management policy. Let me quote extracts from that speech by Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaffar Hussein:
“Why are we so active in the market now, compared to before? There are a number of reasons. First, until recently, our external reserves were not large, being only US$4 billion at the end of 1984. This has now increased to US$7.8 billion, thus justifying a more active management of reserves.
Secondly, the exchange rate volatility since the Plaza Agreement of September 1985, had changed the stakes of the game. Whereas in the past an active management of reserves might have made a difference on yield of twenty basis points; it now makes a difference of maybe 500 basis points. So it is worth the trouble. Thirdly, forex trading is today a 24-hour business and there are opportunities throughout the day to deal…
I recall one occasion when some bankers made an attempt to speculate against the ringgit in off-shore centres on one of our national holidays, when they thought we would be closed for the day. To their surprise and cost, we opened up our dealing room during that national holiday and intervened in the off-shore centres to stabilise the ringgit and in the process taught those bear speculators a lesson they are not likely to forget…
…When I joined the central bank in 1985 from the private sector, I was informed that the main thrust of reserves management in Bank Negara was to preserve the value of what we have and the main considerations were safety and liquidity. To that, I have added a third and fourth dimension: profit optimisation and market expertise. 
I basically took the stance that risk-taking in reserves management included not only the risk of losses, but also the risk of falling behind inflation, of not earning as much with our scarce resources as we could. The primary motivation is still to preserve and conserve the value of what we have…
To me, in the last analysis, an active reserves management policy goes beyond the additional return and risks. A key advantage is that the active involvement has given us a greater feel of what is really going on in the foreign exchange and capital markets…
Central banking by decree and fiat can no longer budge markets, but market skills and influence of market psychology can do the trick…
I might also add that in a developing country, where foreign exchange trading skills are scarce, it is the duty of the Central Bank to be the provider of skilled manpower in the market, to be an educator of such technical skills and to be in the forefront of banking and computer technology… I notice even the Bank of England is now actively adopting this policy.”
10. The Governor’s main point was that the primary motive for the active external reserves management was the mitigation of the downside impact of major changes in foreign exchange rates on Malaysia’s foreign currency assets and liabilities.
11. Let me repeat what the Governor said in New Delhi: “the primary motivation is still to preserve and conserve the value of what we have.” We sought to acquire the skills to manage the external reserves better and also, in a broader context, to assist the nation when required. The larger deals, beyond the limits given to the forex traders, were to protect the external reserves and the value of the ringgit, by way of diversification. At that time, BNM had no specific limit for such diversification deals. 
12. To understand further the role of external reserves management in achieving the objectives of a central bank, please allow me to elaborate on the link between the stability of the ringgit exchange rate, monetary policy and external reserves management.
Maintaining a stable ringgit in the late-1980s to early-1990s
13. In the Malaysian domestic market, since the late-1980s, there was a continuous large inflow of US dollars by investors, including some short-term inflows or “hot money”. If BNM did nothing, the inflows would have resulted in the ringgit strengthening significantly from the BNM policy range of between 2.50 and 2.80 against the US dollar. That would have created major implications for the economy, particularly since it would have reduced the competitiveness of Malaysian export sector.
This was an important consideration for a country which is one of the largest trading nations in the world.
14. In order to maintain the stability of the ringgit, BNM had to buy the excess US dollars from the banks in Malaysia, in its role as the buyer of last resort for foreign currencies in the domestic market. This activity is termed as BNM’s foreign exchange intervention operations. The US dollars were then used by BNM mainly to purchase US Treasury Notes. The yield on the US Treasury Notes in the early 1990s was on average about 4.5% pa.
15. If BNM did nothing after mopping up the US dollars, there would be the issue of a large overhang of excess ringgit in the system, since BNM would have paid ringgit for its purchase of the US dollars. This large overhang of excess ringgit in the system would adversely affect BNM’s monetary policy. It would cause the ringgit interest rates to fall sharply (based on supply and demand), and create inflationary pressures. Therefore, BNM had to borrow back the ringgit funds that it had provided to the banking system in its intervention operations. The purpose of BNM borrowing back the ringgit funds from the banks is to neutralise the effect of the original forex intervention in the domestic money market. This is known as the sterilisation operation. The borrowing rate that BNM had to incur (during the early 1990s) for the sterilisation operation was about 7.5% pa.
16. Therefore, the combination of the BNM intervention and sterilisation operations would cost about 3% pa. This is because the cost of borrowing back the ringgit was higher than the yield of US Treasury Notes. This negative margin would be recorded as a loss in BNM’s books. In BNM’s active external reserves management, one consideration was to mitigate this loss.
17. The issue of moving into an active mode of external reserves management must also be seen in the context of Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaffar Hussein’s philosophy regarding Bank Negara’s role in national development. I need to elaborate on this point because Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaffar Hussein is no more with us, and it is important that we recognise the wisdom of this great man. The Governor believed that by active management of the external reserves, we will be able to acquire the skills, knowledge and experience required to serve the nation, when required, both in developmental activities as well as to overcome any financial crisis that the nation may face in the future. He termed this as “market expertise”.
Lessons from the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis
18. Indeed, Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaffar Hussein’s foresight regarding market expertise saved the nation during the 1997/1998 financial crisis. In a strange twist of history, the skills, knowledge and experience acquired in BNM enabled the nation to implement the Unorthodox Measures of September 1998. It provided the nation with the ability to frustrate the foreign currency manipulators, whose intention was to destabilise Malaysia and cause chaos in the socio-economic fabric of the nation. 
Unlike Thailand, Indonesia and South Korea, Malaysia was able to overcome the financial crisis of 1997/1998, without borrowing a single cent from the IMF or the World Bank or anyone else. We reset the Nation back on the growth trajectory without outside help. The Unorthodox Measures of September 1998 saved Malaysia from dire consequences, following the worst financial crisis in our history, and restored the sovereignty and dignity of our beloved nation.
19. In economic terms, the result of the Unorthodox Measures of September 1998 is substantial. Just to illustrate using one of many measures of economic gain, the Unorthodox Measures resulted in the market capitalisation of the Malaysian stock market recovering from a low of RM 181.5 billion on September 1, 1998 to RM 579.2 billion on March 24, 1999, a gain of RM397.7 billion. The Stock Market Index jumped from 262.7 (September 1, 1998) to 851.7 (March 24, 1999), a multiple of 3.24 times.
20. Let me briefly illustrate how the skills, knowledge and experience that we acquired from the forex activities in Bank Negara became critical in formulating the Unorthodox Measures of September 1998:
i. There was great deal of confusion, during the early days of financial crisis of 1997/1998, on the concept of “offshore ringgit”. The initial view was that bags full of cash in ringgit were taken out to Singapore and Malaysian customs officials at the border were instructed to check thoroughly the bags of Malaysians departing to Singapore. Obviously no big amount of cash was found.
I explained to the Prime Minister in 1997 and 1998 that the term “offshore ringgit” does not refer to ringgit physically located outside Malaysia. The bulk of ringgit will always remain in Malaysia. The term “offshore ringgit” refers to ringgit (in Malaysia) which is owned by foreigners. The currency manipulators borrow the ringgit, both local ringgit owned by Malaysians or “offshore ringgit” owned by foreigners, to sell the ringgit for US dollars. This is called short-selling. We knew from our forex trading days that on Black Wednesday (16 September 1992) when pound sterling crashed, Soros had borrowed £10 billion to short-sell the pound sterling. Therefore, an important aspect of Malaysia’s Unorthodox Measurers of September 1998 was to disallow foreigners from borrowing ringgit to speculate. The concept of “offshore ringgit” is very complicated and it took me a few attempts to ensure that the Prime Minister fully understood the term, as you can read from the book 
Notes to the Prime Minister by Wong Sulong published in 2011. I wrote 5 notes on this subject, namely Note 2 (October 13, 1997), Note 13 (December 12, 1997), Note 25 (May 19, 1998), Note 31 and Note 32 (both on June 29, 1998). Without the knowledge acquired at BNM’s forex desk, we would not have fully understood the concept of “offshore ringgit”, which was key to the implementation of the Unorthodox Measures; 
ii. Malaysia initial response during the financial crisis was to increase the interest rate level to stabilise the ringgit. This created chaos for the many business entities, pushing them to the verge of bankruptcy. We knew from experience that this does not work. During the Black Wednesday incident in United Kingdom, the British Government increased the interest rate from 10% pa to 12% pa in its desperate attempt to stabilise the pound. But this move was completely ineffective.
Therefore, our Unorthodox Measures involved, among others, bringing the interest rate down, rather than increasing the interest rates, after fixing the exchange rate at RM3.80 to the dollar, and disallowing foreigners from borrowing the ringgit for speculative purposes. This significant lowering of the interest rates, as well as our measures of implementing an expansionary monetary and fiscal policy, as part of the Unorthodox Measures, saved many corporations from becoming bankrupt and some banks from becoming insolvent; and 
iii. When we pegged the ringgit on 2 September 1998, we pegged it at RM3.80 to the US dollar.
The 3.80 rate was on the weaker side since, based on fundamentals, we could have fixed the rate at 3.50. But we knew that it was better to fix the ringgit at a slightly weaker rate, anticipating that the market players would feel that, at 3.80, the ringgit was undervalued and they would therefore buy the ringgit. We expected that this move would result in large inflow of funds into the country. This is exactly what happened. There were substantial inflows following the peg. 
There were no outflows, as the market players expected the ringgit to subsequently strengthen, not weaken. This was something we learned at the forex desk in BNM
21. In fact, the 45 notes that I wrote to the Prime Minister between October 1997 and August 1998 analysing in detail the 1997/1998 financial crisis and proposing the solution would not have been possible without the market expertise acquired at Bank Negara’s forex desk, thanks to Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaafar Hussein.
22. I should add that even after Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaafar Hussein and I left BNM, we kept closely in touch, meeting regularly for long chats. The last time I met him was in July 1998, a month before he died. We spent two hours discussing about the financial crisis of 1997/1998. I informed Allahyarham that I was working with the Prime Minister to find a solution to the financial crisis, based on the knowledge the he made possible for me to acquire in Bank Negara. He was happy that he had made the right decision on the importance of market expertise and he was confident that we can overcome the crisis. I wrote about this meeting with Allahyarham on August 21, 1998 and it appears as Note 43 in the book “Notes to the Prime Minister” by Wong Sulong. Allahyarham Tan Sri Jaafar Hussein’s contribution to the nation is undoubtedly significant.
My role at BNM in external reserves management in the late-1980s and early-1990s
23. I was tasked with implementing the external reserves management policy as determined by the BNM’s Board having regard to the considerations I have mentioned above. In so doing, I reported both to the Governor and the External Reserves Committee (ERC). I spoke to the Governor on external reserves management regularly, and certainly whenever there was a large movement in the exchange rates. I also reported to the ERC whenever it met. The membership of the ERC comprised, amongst others, the Governor, Deputy Governor, and the Advisors. Further, there were weekly Senior Officers Meeting, where the external reserves matters were sometimes discussed.
These Senior Officers Meetings were chaired by the Governor, and were also attended by the Deputy Governor, Advisors and all Managers. I did not report to either the Finance Minister or the Prime Minister on any issues regarding external reserves management, as that was not my reporting line.
24. I was not involved in deciding on the accounting treatment of the losses. In fact, I have no knowledge whatsoever of the accounting treatment.
25. I was also very careful not to execute any trade by myself, although I had the authority to do so. It was always, without any exception, done by the staff. I did this for the purpose of transparency, so that there would always be more than one person aware of every trade.
26. BNM made significant gains from its trading activities in the 1980s. The loss does not include the gains made in the 1980s. Based on the period of 1985 to 1993, I believe that the total forex losses will be lower. The significant losses that were incurred in 1992 arose from two unexpected events:
i. The unexpected rejection in the Danish Referendum of 1992 of the Maastricht Treaty; and 
ii. “Black Wednesday” on September 16, 1992, when the pound sterling was forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.
27. In the early 1990s, the European currencies started to gather strength on the basis of the then conventional wisdom that, given the potential for European integration, Europe was going to overtake the United States as the strongest economic power in the World. We subscribed to this view and bought the European currencies and the pound sterling.
28. Unfortunately, following the non-ratification of the Maastricht Treaty by Denmark in February 1992, the value of the European currencies crashed. This was compounded in September 1992 when both the pound sterling and the Italian lira, in which we did not trade, were forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism despite the best efforts of the far more powerful and wealthy European central banks.
29. As we were "long" in the European currencies, including the pound sterling, we suffered significant losses. We were not the only central bank to have suffered significant forex losses as a result of these events.
30. Whenever we received information of large inflows of US dollars from investors, both long-term and short-term, we would decide on whether or not to diversify these inflows into other currencies, depending on the anticipated exchange rate movements. If we expected the US dollar to weaken, we would purchase European currencies forward based on the expected US dollar inflows. The size of the purchases would correspond to the anticipated size of the US dollar inflows.
31. All the external reserves activities, including forex activities, were based on strategic considerations. Admittedly we misread the turn of the market. As staff of a central bank we naturally believed that the Bank of England would win in its fight against Soros. We had confidence in our fellow central banker and bought pound sterling. Unfortunately, the Bank of England lost.
Similarly, our best intelligence was that the Maastricht Treaty would be ratified in the referendum in Denmark in 1992, but unfortunately it was rejected.
32. We learnt a bitter lesson from these incidents. That lesson proved crucial in helping us formulate policies to defend the country against the currency attacks in the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis, saving the nation hundreds of billions of ringgit that would otherwise have been lost.
33. The forex losses happened. There is no denying it. There is also no denying my accountability for the forex losses. I accepted my fair share of the accountability for the forex losses and resigned from BNM. At that time, it appeared to me to be a sad end to my 25 years of service to the nation, through BNM.
34. However, with the grace of Allah, I was given the opportunity in 1997/1998 to contribute to King and country during the financial crisis of 1997/1998. The important point is that the experience in the forex unit during those years proved extremely useful later in saving Malaysia from the devastating effects of the financial crisis of 1997/1998, which otherwise would have caused losses worth hundreds of billions of ringgit for Malaysia and could have resulted in many Malaysian companies becoming bankrupt, with large scale unemployment and poverty spreading throughout the country. The political stability and the socio-economic framework of the nation would have been destroyed. It was an accident waiting to happen. It did not happen because of the Unorthodox Measures of September 1998, which in turn was conceived and implemented based on the knowledge, skills and experience acquired at the forex desk in BNM.
35. I also contributed to the nation during my second tour of duty in Bank Negara (September 1998 to April 2000) as well in my role as the economic adviser to the Prime Minister (May 2000 to December 2003) and as a federal Minister (January 2004 to May 2013). The record speaks for itself.
* Nor Mohamed Yakcop is former Bank Negara Malaysia assistant governor and adviser.
* This is the opinion of the writer or publication and does not necessarily represent the views of The Malaysian Insight.

Tuesday, September 5, 2017


Image result for rohingya hadi awang

APAkah cukup setakat memberi AMARAN kepada Myanmar? Apakah cukup setakat memanggil duta Myanmar mengadap?

Itu sajakah yang mampu dilakukan oleh Malaysia dan Najib Razak? 

Di mana presiden Pas Hadi Awang yang kononnya sayangkan umat Islam?

Bila isu Memali dihidupkan semula demi politik, Hadi tak sabar-sabar nak keluarkan kenyataan.

Kini ratusan Rohingya dibunuh di Myanmar dan 123,000 Rohingya yang beragama Islam menjadi pelarian ke Bangladesh, senyap sunyi pemimpin Pas.
Image result for perhimpunan rohingya

4 Disember 2016 Hadi bawa ahli Pas berhimpun sakan di Padang Merbok kononnya mahu menyelamatkan Rohingya.

Pada masa itu ramai pengkiritik melihat perhimpunan tersebut sebagai lakonan politik untuk menyelamatkan Umno di dalam PRU 14 nanti.

Kini tiba masanya, Hadi dan Najib tampil membuktikan keikhlasan mereka mahu menyelamatkan Rohingya.

Buktikanlah bahawa perhimpunan tahun lepas bukan lakonan politik.

Tunjukkan lah kepada rakyat dan dunia, demi Islam, kita bersama Rohingya dan bertindak tegas terhadap Myanmar.

Tragedi di Myanmar tidak ubah seperti kejadian di Bosnia satu ketika dulu. Ini adalah proses penghapusan etnik Rohingya di Myanmar.

Saturday, August 26, 2017


Image result for khir toyo+najib

Bekas Menteri Besar Selangor memberi GAMBARAN amat tepat mengenai perwatakan pemimpin-pemimpin Umno sekarang ini.


Tahniah kepada Khir Toyo. Itulah realitinya watak-watak di dalam Umno bermula dari presidennya, Najib Razak, ahli-ahli kabinet beliau dan Ketua-Ketua Bahagian.

Pedih TEGURAN Khir Toyo, tetapi itulah KENYATAAN nya.

Berikut tulisan Khir Toyo di Facebook beliau pada 14 Ogos 2017 yang lalu.

Jalan Mudah Ialah Memijak Mereka Yang Diam

Barisan Nasional Selangor masih tidak tahu mengapa mereka kalah teruk dalam pilihan raya 2013.
Mereka beranggapan kekalahan BN Selangor pada 2008 kerana saya. Mereka lupa BN juga kalah di Perak, Pulau Pinang, Kedah dan Wilayah Persekutuan.

Lalu mereka perlu singkirkan saya untuk memberi imej gemerlapan dan gemilang kepada BN Selangor.
Saya dibicara dan dipenjarakan.
Malangnya pada 2013 tanpa saya, BN Selangor kalah lagi teruk.
BN rampas Perak dan Kedah, namun nyaris kalah di Terengganu. BN Terengganu tinggal majoriti 2 kerusi.
Masalah dalam BN dan UMNO ialah mereka tidak berani membuat penilaian sebenar, hidup dalam kepura-puraan mengenai persepsi rakyat.
Mereka bersorak menang besar di Sungai Besar. Sebelum PRK semua diminta bersatu dan membantu parti. Selepas menang, jasa dan sumbangan milik orang tertentu sahaja..
PRK Sungai Besar, Undi yang diterima calon Barisan Nasional, YB Budiman Mohd Zohdin hanyalah 16,800 undi berbanding undi yang diterima oleh Allahyarham Noriah Kasnon sebanyak 18,695 undi. Bayangkan undi merosot hampir 2000.
Jadi kuat di mana kita? Kuat hanya kerana pihak musuh berpecah, Jika esok mereka bersatu, apa strategi kita?

Thursday, August 24, 2017


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I am so disgusted reading all this coruption stories in the media with regard to FELDA.

Setinggi tinggi Tupai melompak diakhirnya Allah itu telanjang kan mereka2 ini sehingga malu seisi keluarga mereka hari ni.

Its all about power and greed some of these politicians.

Being anak Felda segala pengalaman pahit getir saya yg hidup sebagai anak peneroka selama ini jika saya cerita satu persatu pasti ramai yg akan menangis bersama sama di pagi ini.

What happened sangat mengecewa kan kita.

As i think back of all the hardship of both my parent as other Felda settlers in this country sejujur jujurnya hati saya menangis pagi ni..

I feel so sad that these people have betrayed us.

Harap kan pagar...pagar yg makan kan padi.

Mereka2 ini seumpama lintah darat yg menghisap darah2 kami peneroka2 yg selama ini bersusah payah mencari rezeki untuk keluar dari hidup kemiskinan kami.

We had so much hope and give that trust to them and begini jadinya semua.

Kini segala harta negara yg di amanah kan kepada mereka2 ini di salah gunakan.

So sad and tersangat kecewa rasa di hati hari ini. All that struggled that we went through only to see hari ini manusia yg tamak begini menipu kami di siang hari.

Orang Islam apa kah ini yg solat 5 waktu, performed Umrah dan Haji serta bersyarah di kalayak ramai tetapi sebenar bertopeng kan syaitan?

Is this the true happiness that one needs to pursue in life by being manipulative and cheating others?

There so many of u out there...ingat its a matter of time that each one of u will have to face Allah for all this jika tidak diakhirat nanti diatas dunia ini Allah itu akan bayar kan cash!

Monday, August 21, 2017


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Selepas KR1M, Jelapang nak sentuh mengenai Perumahan Rakyat 1Malaysia.

Bukan apa. Kasihan tengok Najib Razak. Projek idaman beliau tidak semuanya menjadi. 

Macam-macam pelancaran dibuat PRIMA seluruh negara. Cabut undi pun sudah. Tetapi rumah tak siap-siap.

Yang ada dalam lembaga pengarah PRIMA pun hebat-hebat belaka - Tengku Zafrul, Alies Anor, Shazally Ramli dan orang politik pun ada. 

Sebelum Najib membubarkan Parlimen, baik kita ingatkan beliau akan janji-janji PRU 13 dahulu. Tempoh mandat beliau sudah hampir 5 tahun, malangnya ada janji-janji yang belum ditepati. Antaranya rumah PRIMA.

Image result for aku janji+pru 13 rumaH prima

Walaupun tinggal beberapa bulan saja lagi PRU14 akan diadakan, rasanya masih ada masa buat Najib menepati janji beliau mahu membina 500,000 buah rumah PRIMA menjelang 2018.

Bagaimana pun kita tengok pencapaian PRIMA sejak 2013 sehingga hari ini, tahun 2017.




atau dengan kata lain:

Peratusan rumah PRIMA yang telah siap dibina: 1.69 PERATUS

Peratusan rumah PRIMA yang telah diserahkan kepada pemilik: 0.18 PERATUS

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KALAU hendak diberikan markah kepada PRIMA berdasarkan skim permarkahan sekolah, maka GRED yang diperolehi PRIMA ialah:

G (GAGAL) atau F (FAIL)

Itulah pencapaian AKU JANJI BN di dalam manifesto PRU 13.

Sunday, August 20, 2017


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“Peluang telah diberikan, saya tak nak sebut nama syarikat. Saya sendiri pergi ke Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia sebab di bawah Umno Bahagian Bagan Datuk ada, saya bagi peluang untuk kedai itu dibuka dengan sewa yang cukup-cukup rendah. Sebab saya wujudkan kedai itu untuk membantu rakyat di kawasan saya. Tapi jelas harganya lebih mahal, sedangkan kerajaan beri peruntukan tertentu kepada syarikat itu untuk menjual barang di bawah harga pasaran.” - Timbalan Perdana Menteri Ahmad Zahid Hamid.

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"Mydin kata dia nak 'give up'. Sudah tentu kita cari operator yang baharu. Seperti yang saya katakan tadi, saya sedang berbincang dengan pengusaha-pengusaha yang baharu.Mydin mungkin tidak lagi mahu meneruskannya." -Menteri Perdagangan Dalam Negeri, Koperasi dan Kepenggunaan Hamzah Zainuddin.


Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia - GAGAL.

Tujuan Najib Razak menubuhkan KR1M ini ada untuk membantu mereka yang kurang mampu.

Tetapi harga barang-barang di Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia (KR1M) MAHAL. Bukan saya kata, Timbalan Perdana Menteri Zahid Hamidi yang cakap dan Menterinya berkata Mydin sudah tak mahu lagi menguruskan kedai tersebut.

Apa yang boleh kita simpulkan? Satu lagi projek NAJIB Razak GAGAL!

Thursday, August 17, 2017


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ISA SAMAD, Ahli Parlimen Jempol, Ketua Umno Bahagian Telok Kemang, bekas Menteri Besar Negeri Sembilan dan bekas Pengerusi Felda, semalam dipakaikan baju OREN SPRM dan di"ARAK" untuk tatapan awam seluruh Malaysia.

Ramai ahli politik Umno disiasat SPRM sebelum Isa. Kes LEMBU melibatkan Shahrizat Jalil dan keluarga beliau, Shahrizat tidak dipakaikan baju oren. Tajuddin Rahman disiasat kes pembayaran kepada Ahli Lembaga Pengarah Felcra, tidak dipakaikan baju oren.
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Annuar Musa disiasat kes Mara, tidak juga disarung baju oren.

Bung Mokhtar Radin dan isteri glamour beliau, Zizie Izzette, disiasat kes pembelian saham amanah oleh Felcra, tidak dipakaikan baju oren. Bekas Ketua Wanita Umno Kelantan Ustazah Zaleha Hussin sehingga hari ini tiada pendakwaan dilakukan.

Ada yang tidak disiasat langsung oleh SPRM seperti anak tiri Najib Razak, Riza Aziz, kawan Najib Jho Low, Nik Faisal Nik Ariff Kamil, Suboh Mat Yassin dan ramai lagi.

Semalam Isa dipertontonkan kepada khalayak ramai - seolah-olah - inilah muka perasuah.

Itulah nasib Isa.

Orang lain seperti Riza Aziz, Annuar Musa, Shahrizat Jalil, Tajuddin Rahman, Bung Mokhtar, Ustazah Zaleha, Jho Low, Nik Faisal dan Suboh tidak dimalukan seperti Isa.
Image result for riza aziz jho low Hampir setiap hari SPRM memaklumkan kepada orang awam - hari ini kami serbu rumah Isa di Senawang, hari ini kami serbu rumah Isa di Nilai, kami jumpa RM100,000 di dalam peti besi, hari ini kami serbu pejabat Isa di SPAD.

Skrip ini tiada untuk Annuar Musa, Tajuddin Rahman, Bung Mokhtar, Shahrizat Jalil, Nik Faisal, Jho Low dan yang lain-lain.

Itulah nasib Isa. Skrip ini dicipta khas untuk beliau. Tujuannya: hanya yang menulis skrip ini tahu tujuannya.

Untuk menghina Isa? Memalukan Isa dan keluarganya?

Itulah sebabnya, setia membuta tuli tiada faedahnya.

Jika Isa perasuah, sumbatlah beliau ke dalam penjara.  Tiada kompromi kepada pengamal rasuah.

Hari ini, Isa akan sedar siapa sebenarnya kawan-kawannya. Semalam semasa di "arak" masuk ke mahkamah, tercari-cari kita mana kawan-kawan Isa.

Ada kawan-kawan Isa yang anak-anak mereka diberikan pekerjaan di Felda oleh Isa.

Mana pergi Fauzi Setiawangsa yang menerima gaji percuma RM5,000 dari Felda yang diuruskan oleh Isa?

Mana Wan Amizan? Mana Ahli Parlimen Paya Besar? Mana Abdullah Hasnan Kamaruddin Ketua Bahagian Kuala Kedah? Mana Ahli Parlimen Grik? Mana Ahli Parlimen Sik?

Mana 30 orang yang Isa uruskan mendapat pendapatan RM5,000 sebulan? Di mana mereka ketika Isa dihina?

Kalau mereka lupa siapa mereka, lihat senarai 30 penerima elaun RM5,000 sebulan di bawah ini.

Dengan episod semalam, berakhir lah karier politik Isa. Di bunuh oleh kawan sendiri.